Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea. It is part of the district of Ernakulam in the state of Kerala and is often referred to as Ernakulam. Kochi is the most densely populated city in Kerala. As of 2011, it has a corporation limit population of 677,381 within an area of 94.88 km2 and a total urban population of more than of 2.1 million within an area of 440 km2, making it the largest and the most populous metropolitan area in Kerala. Kochi city is also part of the Greater Cochin region and is classified as a Tier-II city by the Government of India.
Called the "Queen of the Arabian Sea", Kochi was an important spice trading centre on the west coast of India from the 14th century onwards, and maintained a trade network with Arab merchants from the pre-Islamic era. Occupied by the Portuguese in 1503, Kochi was the first of the European colonies in colonial India. It remained the main seat of the Portuguese India until 1530, when Goa was chosen instead. The city was later occupied by the Dutch and the British, with the Kingdom of Cochin becoming a princely state. Kochi ranks first in the total number of international and domestic tourist arrivals in Kerala. The city was ranked the sixth best tourist destination in India according to a survey conducted by the Nielsen Company on behalf of the Outlook Traveller magazine. In October 2019, Kochi was ranked seventh in Lonely Planet's list of top 10 cities in the world to visit in 2020. Kochi is named as one of the 28 Indian cities among the emerging 440 global cities that will contribute 50% of the world GDP by the year 2025, ( 2011 study done by the McKinsey Global Institute). In July 2018, Kochi was ranked the topmost emerging future megacity in India by global professional services firm JLL.
The Vypin Island Zone, comprising a small group of islands, rises out at the point where the ethereal Vembanad Lake merges with the Arabian Sea.
The Kumbalangi Integrated Tourism Village and the Matsyafed Milky-Way Aqua-Tourist Village are two of the eco-tourist villages that should definitely find a place on your itinerary when visiting Kerala.
It depicts the history and cultural evolution of Kerala through a spectacular light and sound show in both Malayalam and English.
Chellanam is on a narrow landform about 10km in length, starting from St. George Church at the southern end at the northern border of Pallithode Village and Kattiparambu (near Thoppumpady).